The raid had been orchestrated by the police in conjunction with the FBI. Encyclopedia of Black Studies. When asked, "what is the legacy of the Detroit branch, in your opinion?" She answers, "Its crucial that people realize that the strengthof the organization was rooted in discipline, deep commitment, and a genuine love for the people." 162 Aftermath and legacy New York. United Kingdom in the early 1970s, 3 and in, algeria from 194, at its inception on October 15, 1966, 5 the Black Panther Party's core practice was its armed citizens' patrols to monitor the behavior of officers of the. Women and womanism At its beginnings, the Black Panther Party reclaimed black masculinity and traditional gender roles. Seven other Panthers, including chief of staff David Hilliard, were also arrested. Fonda and other Hollywood celebrities became involved in the Panthers' leftist programs. Also that month Jalil Muntaquim pleaded no contest to conspiracy to commit voluntary manslaughter becoming the second person to be convicted in this case. In 1966, the Panthers defined Oakland's ghetto as a territory, the police as interlopers, and the Panther mission as the defense of community. Wohlsen, Marcus (January 23, 2007). 176 Gray Panthers, often used to refer to advocates for the rights of seniors ( Gray Panthers in the United States, The Grays Gray Panthers in Germany). These (and other) disagreements led to a split. 61 cointelpro cointelpro document outlining the FBI's plans to 'neutralize' Jean Seberg for her support for the Black Panther Party, by attempting to publicly "cause her embarrassment" and "tarnish her image". Vernon New York on July 17 of the subsequent year. 30, chapters 67 "Negroes With Guns-Description", Wayne State University Press website. A b Brown, DeNeen. Archived December 19, 2005, at the Wayback Machine. Edgar Hoover called the party "the greatest threat to the internal security of the country and he supervised an extensive counterintelligence program ( cointelpro ) of surveillance, infiltration, perjury, police harassment, and many other tactics designed to undermine Panther leadership, incriminate party members, discredit and. Members of the Moorish Nation use this perceived immunity to justify their refusal to pay taxes, buy auto insurance, and defraud banks. The Panthers' famous "policing the police" drew attention to the spatial remove that White Americans enjoyed from the police brutality that had come to characterize life in black urban communities. The breakfast program became so popular that the Panthers Party claimed to have fed twenty thousand children in the 1968-69 school year. Though under constant police surveillance, the Chicago chapter remained active and maintained their community programs until 1974.